Kennedy increased economic aid to the south Vietnam and deployed thousands of U.S troops to the country. In 1961 President John F. Kennedy sent out a team of experts to report on the conditions in South Vietnam. There is much truth in the other answers. During the course of the war, these two geographically isolated nations faced the threat of … One of the main reasons it remains a source of argument is that it is difficult to say when the U.S. war actually began. 0000003703 00000 n A delegation of New Zealand Vietnam veterans will attend the Australian Vietnam War commemorations in Canberra on 18 August. A year later, anti-communist leader Ngo Dinh Diem ousted emperor Bao from power and became the president of South Vietnam. Under 61 0 obj <>stream New Zealanders went to war because they had to back up Britain who were their motherland. But history has largely forgotten the main reasons Australia went to war, because the history of the Vietnam war has largely been analysed from a US perspective. He took control of Hanoi and declared the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) and himself the president. And from then, until 2000, every year, few Vietnamese migrated as refugees to join their family and friends. Causes of the Vietnam war. This topic covers the anti-war protests, defence forces, action in Vietnam, apology from the Crown, compensation for veterans and refugees from Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh saw an opportunity to seize control and immediately rose up in arms. Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War began with a small commitment of 30 military advisors in 1962, and increased over the following decade to a peak of 7,672 Australian personnel following the Menzies Government's April 1965 decision to upgrade its military commitment to South Vietnam's security. In 1977, New Zealand government accepted 412 refugees from Vietnam, and from 1979-1980 approximately 1,500 Vietnamese were warmingly welcomed to New Zealand. New Zealand military personnel and civilian volunteers served in the jungles, skies, hospital wards, training camps, and offices of South Vietnam from 1963 to 1975. Why did we send 47,000 men and women to Vietnam? The resistance and the NVA fought to unify the country while the South sought to establish independence from the North. The advance of Japanese imperial forces into the Asia-Pacific brought an aggressive imperial power clo… During the first Indo-China War (1946-1954) between the communist-dominated Viet Minh and France, New Zealand accepted the British-American view that Vietnam was a crucial point on the front line against communist expansion in Asia. 0000006044 00000 n The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Vietnamese: Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. The Vietnam War left a strong legacy of injustice in New Zealand felt by many of the troops who served in the war.The treatment of veterans was not resolved until 1998 when the first Vietnam Parade occurred in Wellington, where veterans received recognition for their service in the Vietnam War. New Zealand’s contribution . The U.S involvement in Vietnam had started as early as 1950 when Harry Truman sent military advisors to aid the French. 0000002541 00000 n New Zealand's Vietnam War The Vietnam War was our longest and most contentious military experience of the twentieth century. what started the Vietnam war? Kennedy believed that if communism thrived in one Southeast Asian country, the rest would be compromised and communism would spread uncontrollably. Relations between American and Australian military leaders were not always smooth. New Zealand assisted in the international effort to resettle Vietnamese refugees. endstream endobj 43 0 obj <>/Metadata 7 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 6 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/StructTreeRoot 9 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20080603110444)/PageLabels 4 0 R>> endobj 44 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 45 0 obj <> endobj 46 0 obj <> endobj 47 0 obj <> endobj 48 0 obj <> endobj 49 0 obj <> endobj 50 0 obj <> endobj 51 0 obj <> endobj 52 0 obj <> endobj 53 0 obj <>stream New Zealand participated in World War II, helping the United States and Great Britain. In which year were the French defeated in Vietnam? Unlike other wars, there was no declaration of the Vietnam War. By 1962, about 9,000 American troops were stationed in the country, a huge increase from 800 in the 1950s. The Japanese tried to land on Port Morsseby in Australia to begin to take over Australia and New Zealand. After the United States forced Japan to surrender during the Second World War, it withdrew its troops from Vietnam leaving the Emperor Bao Dai in power. 0000006511 00000 n Fear of communism There was a growing fear of communism The invasion of the North Korean communists into democratic South Korea was seen as a threat to democracy Sending troops to Vietnam was a move to support democracy Situation in Vietnam Vietnam was once a colony of France After WW2 the … The Vietnam War was a Cold War-era conflict between communist Northern Vietnamese forces and United States-backed Southern Vietnamese forces. Initial approvals were to those already in New Zealand – diplomats, their families and staff – and to Vietnamese students. New Zealand's National government was cautious in its approach to Vietnam. The National Liberation Front, also known as the Viet Cong, was a South Korean armed resistance that aided the North Vietnamese Army (NVA). H‰¬W[sÛ¸~×LşŞLu$†¤îm&ßÒMvìu×J‘�ˆ˜"U�´Vÿ¾ßÀ›,{úЇD’%ç|7\,{ïاOo.¿^1�}ş|quÉzÿqï±MŞû¸\zÌgËuoè¹�çl2zç�ØrÏü �xô2_¸ó9›Mæîbêá»mÏùÂÂ屛ş•İŠ=ûCğ„§£E,Ø)Š”oÙWŒõ—? The end of t… 0000002106 00000 n This is a question historians continue to debate. Vietnam was the first war in which New Zealand did not fight alongside the British, but there was a reassuring Commonwealth presence in the form of Australia. 0000003180 00000 n At the onset of the Second World War, both Australia and New Zealand were members of the British Empire, so when Britain entered the conflict they did as well. 0000010701 00000 n xÚbbbf`b``H` x h It was seen as in the nation's best interests to do so—failure to contribute even a token force to the effort in Vietnam w… 0 In short, the Vietnam War started as a result of the U.S.’s strategy of containment during the Cold War, which aimed to prevent the … New Zealanders considered themselves British so there was no question of support when news of the declaration of war reached Wellington on August 5. By Victor Kiprop on November 22 2017 in World Facts. Vietnam was also the first major war in which New Zealand’s regular army was involved (as opposed to the former citizen-soldier expeditionary forces). All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. It includes controversies such as incidents of "friendly fire", allegations of atrocities, grievances over Agent Orange, and Maori participation in V Force. <<03891D7372B48F4785488ED7C3EAB3F4>]>> However, the treated also called for an election two years later to unify the country. At the heart of the conflict was the desire of North Vietnam, which had defeated the French colonial administration of Vietnam in 1954, to unify the entire country under a single communist regime modeled after those of the Soviet Union and China. trailer The team advised the president to increase the presence of American soldiers, and technical and economic aid to help the south fight the Viet Cong resistance. Vietnamese political leader Ho Chi Minh inspired by Chinese and Soviet communism formed the League for the Independence of Vietnam (Viet Minh) with the aim of driving out both the Japanese invaders and the French colonialists. New Zealand's involvement in the Vietnam War. However, the US started direct military action in Vietnam in 1964 until 1973. How Many Americans Were Killed In The Vietnam War. We were looking at the real agendas as to why New Zealand was getting involved in Afghanistan.” “It struck us both that we knew so little about Afghanistan. startxref The North won the battle at Dien Bien Phu in May 1954 and ended the French rule in the South. The difference in ideology resulted in one of the world’s longest and brutal wars. The New Zealand anti-war movement aimed to pull the New Zealand out of the Vietnam war because they did not wish to be involved with the US soldiers atrocities they are committing nor did they wanted to support the US soldier's atrocities. Should we trace it back to the 1940s when President Harry Truman authorized U.S. financial support of the French war in Indochina? 0000006274 00000 n The Vietnam War. Which was the first war New Zealand fought in without Britain? The acceptance of 412 refugees in 1977 truly marked the start of Vietnamese migration to Ne… The North was supported by China and the Soviet Union while the South was supported by the United States, Thailand, Australia, and South Korea. Who Was President During the Vietnam War? Backed by the French, Emperor Bao set up the state of Vietnam in July 1949 choosing Saigon as the capital city. New Zealand joined its major allies in recognising the French-sponsored Bao Dai regime in 1950, but remained unsure about the strength and legitimacy of the non-communist forces in Vietnam. 0000000016 00000 n 0000003404 00000 n American pressure continued for New Zealand to contribute military assistance, as the United States would be deploying combat units (as opposed to merely advisors) itself soon, as would Australia. Australian support for South Vietnam in the early 1960s was in keeping with the policies of other nations to stem the spread of communism in Europe and Asia. Check . Although both parties wanted a united country, Ho and his supporters favored communism while Bao and many others wanted to establish a country based on western culture. The last New Zealand Army troops who took part in the Vietnam War flew home 47 years ago this month to a country that for the first time failed to … The Vietnam War is also known as the Second Indochina War. In what year did the Geneva Conference decide there would be elections to unite Vietnam? 42 0 obj <> endobj 0000000908 00000 n causes of the Vietnam war; why was the Vietnam war fought? Vietnam remained Australia’s longest war until Afghanistan. In addition, about 300 New Zealand civilians, including members of a surgical team and Red Cross and Save the Children workers, went to help the people of South Vietnam; two New Zealand civilians lost their lives. However, the US started direct military action in Vietnam in 1964 until 1973. Since the 19th century, Vietnam had been under colonial rule. In 1963 Prime Minister Keith Holyoake agreed to send non-combatant troops into the Vietnam War. Initially this was on the condition that they held United Nations status as refugees and had an occupational qualification useful to New Zealand. New Zealand and the Vietnam War. Over 3000 New Zealanders served in South Vietnam from 1963 to 1975. Holyoake justified New Zealand's lack of assistance by pointing to its military contribution to the Indonesia-Malaysian Confrontation, but eventually the government decided to contribute. Prime Minister Keith Holyoake didn’t question the morality of New Zealand involvement but he did doubt whether the war could be won. xref In July 1954, a treaty to split the county along the 17th parallel was reached. (f`ğeàávTciL“ú`Æi0‘�ãç„O/Ì世Úc\Æ ¶•Á Served: 49,211 Died: 520 Wounded: 2,396 Men awarded the Victoria Cross: 4. Prior to World War II, the Australian government still looked to London for leadership, diplomatic guidance and, when necessary, military protection. 0000001075 00000 n New Zealand was involved in world war one because they are and were part of the British Monarchy. Even after its federation and nominal independence in 1901, Australia’s foreign policy was for years strongly influenced by Britain. %%EOF Why did the U.S. go to war in Vietnam? Learn why a country that had been barely known to most Americans came to define an era. New Zealands involvement in the Vietnam War spurred the anti-war movement to grow as wider members of society began to question the significance of alliances to major countries and if it was really for the benefit of New Zealand. Since the 19 th century, Vietnam had been under colonial rule. This reliance was undermined by the events of World War II. It was fought in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia between North and South Vietnam. 0000001586 00000 n 0000003049 00000 n 1962 – 1975. Canada officially played the role of neutral peacemaker, but secretly backed the American effort in Vietnam. Our first response was to send a New Zealand Civilian Surgical Team to Qui Nhon in Binh Dinh province in 1963. The U.S involvement in Vietnam had started as early as 1950 when Harry Truman sent military advisors to aid the French. Choose answers from the list on the right. 0000001329 00000 n The book New Zealand's Vietnam War by Ian McGibbon, published in 2010, completed the project of official war histories begun in 1945 and focuses on what New Zealand did in south Vietnam. xÚb```b``‰e`a``}ÇÀË€ ¼@1äxğ/ƒ�¡$”Ò® –bK ! 0000000696 00000 n {×7´wS�_×süÛâéôîî„ w´˜°eÔûäy³ùç‹õ"Ë¥oÖpônø´‡SØE=ZÏyˆ,’Q§òµÜÄ“iUúßO–=jí8²US÷FTºÙkB{ Gº~»›HuSîE˜a§‡L%‘îÌJeÏ‚ee¡÷jÏA×;s'‹ªdæ/F‹NÉ‘®DDUÓúùI]‰7Ó•Øe†¾ë�t;%ÖB‰4¬èO�Œ](Yp™Ø>>ô}'Æ×4`¶ÉDŞÿ×ò›-Îo7(™ºşÜ–øèØ��øÛWÏ÷‡3‡åŠÍõ—úí™Ëô’G+Ü í’M¹Î÷´�ÉéÚÂÙ�ç¦M}fäs—:bëËJŶYèÊM*©¶µyZ0�$¶ÂŠ˜ïgÖ£âƺ6Ô³N$ØÆâE¨CËtãÖÕÅ. ˆ™Ø€4#�Y 7�ƒ�ÁE "Êè` 0B­ During the Second World War, Japan invaded the country. 0000001957 00000 n The contribution of Australia and New Zealand to the Vietnam War is significant to Australians and New Zealanders, but in the wider context of the war it was minor. Today, the Vietnamese people refer the war as the Resistance War Against America. Somewhere between the landing at Anzac and the end of the battle of the Somme, New Zealand very definitely became a nation. %PDF-1.4 %âãÏÓ 0000003626 00000 n The first settlement approvals were granted in 1976, one year after the fall of Saigon. However, it is believed and accepted by many that the war began on November 1, 1955, and ended on April 30, 1975. In fact it has been our longest war, longer than World War 1 and 2 combined and yet we’d heard almost nothing about it,” says Annie. Why Did Australia Fight In The Vietnam War? Anti war posters, slogans, eggs, flour bombs were used to reinforce and highlight the anti-war message. The U.S. entered the Vietnam War in an attempt to prevent the spread of communism, but foreign policy, economic interests, national fears, and geopolitical strategies also played major roles. endstream endobj 60 0 obj <>/Size 42/Type/XRef>>stream But the Americans broke the code warned Australia and New Zealand. 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